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Simple Guidance For You In Bardia National Park


Nepal is one of the countries where you can visit for some of the best experiences because of culture, religious context, and much more. This country is also very popular for its wildlife area and national parks. In this country, about 45% of the area is covered by the forests and wildlife sanctuaries. There are many wildlife sanctuaries, reserve centres and national parks in Nepal are home for lots of species of flora and fauna. If you also love to explore the beautiful natural destinations and wildlife areas, it will be the best place in Nepal for it.

Nepal is a very geographically and geologically diverse country, from the hot, steamy plains bordering India to the mid-hills area to the high, snow-capped Himalaya. With stunning landscapes, rare and beautiful wildlife and lots of native flora, Nepal’s national parks and wildlife reserves are worth visiting.

For the local people, most mountain ranges and lakes are linked to fables since the landscape plays a central role in their spiritually. Many tribes, and villages lay within the boundaries of the parks and often the local people are more than happy to share their collective history with visitors. The beautiful national parks of Nepal set a worldwide precedence for local coordination, animal and plant preservation and truly staggering natural beauty.

Distance from Kathmandu: 367km 

How to reach 

There are several ways to reach the Bardia National park when you are ready to plan your next trip here. As a tourist, you can choose from the following methods to reach this National park.

AIR: First of all, you will need to reach Kathmandu, and then you can take the flight to Nepalgunj from Kathmandu. After that, you will need to change for the bus, and you will find regular bus service to reach this National park. From Nepalgunj, it will take about 30 minutes to reach this National park on your bus journey.

Duration: 50-minute flight, plus a 3-hour drive


ROAD: If you want to reach this National park through the road journey, you will find several routes for it. You will be able to take the buses for this National park from Kathmandu and Pokhara. It will take around 12 to 15 hours to reach this National park from Kathmandu and Pokhara.

These are the different ways to reach this National park so you can choose from any of the methods. After that, you will be able to find lots of attractions of this National park as nature and wildlife lovers. It will be a remarkable and amazing memory of your life because it is one of the unique national parks due to the availability of endangered animal species and birds here.

About Bardia National Park

Bardia National Park is located in Bardia district and this National park is divided in two by the famous Babai river in Nepal. On the east side it is bordered by the Karnali river and bordered by Shivalik hills on the Northside. This National park is a great place for the conservation of biodiversity in the country. It covers about 968 sq. Km area, and it is the largest National park among all 10 national parks in Nepal. At this destination, you will find lush and thick greenery with the best wildlife adventure experience. It is uninterrupted by any kind of human interference, and it is the best part of Nepal where one can visit to explore the real beauty of nature.

The main attraction in this National park is the Bengal tiger and one horned rhino. This National park is a reserve centre for both of these animals and you will find a large number of Bengal tigers in this National park. It is also a breeding centre for animals like rhinos, crocodiles, elephants, and more. So you can experience several kinds of  rare wildlife species by visiting this National park.


Flora of Bardia National Park

In this National park you will find about 70% of the area covered with dense green forest. Because of the availability of several rivers and the natural contribution of Shivalik hills this park is known to have a rich floral wealth. During your visit to this park, you will find wetlands, alluvial grasslands and subtropical moist deciduous forests. In this park you will also find a perfect balance of riverine forests, savannah, and grasslands. There are more than 839 floral species which includes vascular plants, monocots, dicots, gymnosperm, fern, and different other species too. 


Wildlife of Bardia National Park

Bardia National Park is a shelter for several endangered species of animals, fishes, birds, and more. In total there are more than 642 species of fauna in this National park. Among all these species, you will find Asian elephants, Bengal tiger, and one-horned rhinoceros that are known as the most endangered and dominant animals in the park. This National park is very famous for these three animal species and people visit from all over the world to watch these rare animals.

Because of the good efforts of this reserve centre, the number of Bengal tigers is continuously increasing in the park. There are several other animal species that you can spot here, which includes deer, barking deer, sambar, blackbuck, nilgai, wild boar, golden hyena, leopard, etc. If you are a bird lover you will find this National park a much ideal place. There are more than 400 bird species that can be found in this park. During the season of winter a large number of migratory birds come to this park including Bengal Florican, White-rumped vulture, Sarus Crane, Lesser Florican Bar-headed geese, etc.

With animals and birds you will also find about 125 species of fishes in this National Park. Gangetic Dolphins are the main attraction among all the fish species, so you will love to watch these beautiful fishes during your visit. This place is also a breeding centre for crocodiles, and you will find Marsh Mugger Crocodiles and other species of crocodiles in the park. There are 23 species of reptiles and amphibians in this National park that you can find during your visit. Therefore, it will be the perfect place to visit if you want to explore all these kinds of wildlife species during your trip.


Climate Conditions

Before planning your trip to Bardia National Park, it is very important to know about the climatic conditions in different seasons. This National park comes under subtropical monsoon climate areas, and you will find three different seasons, including summer, monsoon, and winters here.


March - June: During the time of March to June, you will find very hot weather conditions in this National park. In the month of May, you can find the maximum temperature of approx. 41° c. During these months, you will find the summer season in this National park.

July - October: If you are planning to visit this place in the months of July to October, you will get the monsoon season here. During this season, you will notice good rainfall in the national park and it will last until the end of September.

October - February: At the starting of October month, the weather conditions will become cold and dry. During the nighttime you can find a rapid fall in the temperature, and you will feel a pleasant and cold environment during this season. It is probably one of the best seasons when you should visit this park because you do not have to face extremely high temperatures and rainy conditions in this park.


Best Time to Visit

It is always important for you to know about the best time to visit this National park so that you can find out the best experience of exploring the natural beauty of the park. This National park is open for tourists throughout the year, but you should plan your trip from February to July and September to December. If you are visiting here for the famous Bengal tiger then  you should plan your trip from February to July because the tigers come out to the drinking area during this season time. However, you will need to face hot climate conditions during these seasons. If you want to avoid planning your trip during the summer time then you can always  plan your visit from September to December in this National park.


Adventure Activities in Bardia National Park

This park is a perfect destination for people who are looking for some adventure experiences in life. If you are also planning for a wildlife Safari trip then you should definitely choose this National park, as it is a great option. You will be able to capture the closure and beautiful shots of these wild animals in the natural beauty of forests and if you want the best experience then you can choose Jeep Safari or Elephant Safari packages in this National park.


Jeep Safari: If you want to take a closer look at the animals and wildlife of this National park, you will get the option of jeep Safari for it. You can also have the chance to see the Bengal tiger in the jeep safari. During your Jeep Safari  in this National park, you will explore several kinds of animal and bird species and you can always capture some beautiful shots of these natural places and wildlife when you are exploring the entire National park on wheels.

Elephant Safari: When you want to find out a unique and amazing experience, you will have the option of elephant safari. It will be amazing to explore the beauty of nature by sitting on the back of the elephant. You do not have to worry about safety-related issues because the elephants are well trained.

Jeep and elephant safari are available as the best ways to explore the natural beauty and wildlife of this National park. You will find these facilities in this national park, and you can choose the packages for both of these types of safaris. After that, you will have an amazing experience and can enjoy your time here with complete safety.

In this National park, you will also have lots of other experiences as an adventure level. You will have the following kinds of adventures and activities to enjoy during your visit to this National park.

Trekking and Jungle walks: If you are the person to explore the wildlife and beauty of this Jungle closely, you will have the option of trekking and Jungle walk for it. You can choose from several packages for half-day, full-day, and overnight trekking. You can also find out the option to add Jungle walk to your trekking package that will be amazing for you to explore every corner of the Jungle. During the time of overnight trekking, you will stay at the buffer zone of this National park, which is a very interesting thing to explore.

Canoeing and Rafting: Karnali river is one of the best places for people who want to go for adventurous activities. In the water of this river, you will be able to enjoy the adventure of Canoeing and Rafting. When you are going to enjoy these adventure activities, you will love the excitement of greenery, wildlife that will be full of fun and creepy sounds. You will also like the surroundings and wonderful sightings of several kinds of birds. If you are lucky, you can also get the chance to see Gangetic Dolphins.

Bird watching: Bardia National park is one of the best destinations if you want to see the beautiful birds because this National park is home to more than 400 bird species. During the winter season, the number of these birds will double up because of the visit of several kinds of migratory birds. In this park, you will also find some of the rare and most endangered species of birds. If we talk about the famous bird species chromate will be Bengal Florican, Peafowl, Sarus Crane, Lesser Florican, so you can find out the amazing experience of exploring this National park as a bird lover.

Fishing: Even when you are looking for a great place for fishing, you can plan your trip to this National park. In this park, you can enjoy fishing in the Babai and Karnali rivers. There are more than 125 species of fishes, and you will also find famous species like Golden Mahseer and Gangetic Dolphins here. If you want to see the beautiful Gangetic Dolphin, it will depend on your luck. It will be an amazing experience for you to choose this natural place for fishing with your group.


Explore Human Settlements

With amazing wildlife and natural places, you can also visit this place to explore the human settlements near the park. You will find Tharu tribes settled near this national park. Because of these human settlements, farming was introduced in this area. You will find that these villages are depending on farming and fishing for a living. You can visit here, and you can see the tradition and culture of these people.

If you want to visit these places, you can choose walking or cycling tour packages for it. It will be a great experience for you to visit this village when you want to explore the life and doings of these tribes. You can also choose to buy the handicrafts of these people when you are visiting her during your trip.

These are some of the amazing activities for people who are looking to explore this beautiful destination. There are lots of amazing reasons to choose this National park in Nepal for your next adventure trip. Whether you are looking to find out the amazing experience of adventure activities or you want to stay close to wildlife and nature, you can have all such experiences during your trip to this park.


Entry Fee into Bardia National Park

If you are ready to explore this beautiful and adventurous destination for your next trip, you should know about entry charges, and entry fees will differ according to the nationality of the visitor in this National park. You can check out in the rates below for entry fee based on your nationality:

  • Nepalese: 100/- Rs per head
  • SAARC countries: 750/- Rs per head
  • Foreigners: 1,500/- Rs per head
  • For children below 10 years: there will be no charges


Conservation History of Bardia National Park

In 1815, Nepal lost the area of this national park to the East India company. In the year 1857, this National park area was returned back to Nepal because of their support in the independence movement for India. Under the act of Naya Muluk (new country), several areas were returned to Nepal, and this National park was one of them. In 1969, it was declared as a royal hunting reserve having an area of 368 sq km. After that, its name was changed to the royal Karnali wildlife reserve in 1976. Finally, it was declared as a national park in the year 1988, and it was named Bardia National park.


If you are ready to explore the amazing adventure and life of Bardia National park in Nepal, you will find this information very helpful for it. You should plan the right time and where to visit this National park. After that, it will be one of the most amazing experiences of your life, and you will find lots of good reasons to explore this National park. You can choose from several packages of the tour for Nepal at the online platforms. You should definitely include this destination in your tour package when you want to explore the nature and wildlife of Nepal.


Mode of Reach to Kathmandu, Nepal

There are 3 ways that one can reach Nepal during their holiday trip.

  1. Air: Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu is the only International airport in the region. There are a handful of airlines that operate daily from major Indian cities including Jet Airways, Indigo and Air India. Other airlines that connect Nepal to various international destinations are Malaysia Airlines, Qatar Airways, Etihad Airlines, Silk Air, Oman Airlines, Air China, Air Asia, FlyDubai and Air Arabia.


  1. Railway: The main train line that runs for passengers between India and Nepal are from Gorakhpur town in Uttar Pradesh, ending its route across the Sunauli border at Janakpur. Finding trains from local Indian cities to Gorakhpur is easy as there are many options, like Chauri Chaura Express, Kashi Express, Sapt Kranti Superfast Express. Once there, public buses and some taxis are available to take you 6 hours drive to Kathmandu.


  1. Road: With six border crossings with India, road travel is an economical and scenic way to reach Nepal. For those coming from Delhi or Varanasi, the most convenient crossing point is Sunauli, near Bhairahawa. There are daily direct air-conditioned buses from both cities available, as well as private cars for hire. The other popular crossing is the Raxaul border accessible from Patna which leads you to Birganj in Central Nepal. Those travelling from West Bengal or Bihar can opt for this entrance, with bus services and hired cars available. The next two frequented crossings include the Panitanki and Banbasa crossings that take you to Kakarbhitta and Bhimdatta in Nepal, respectively. Choose the first if you’re travelling from towns in North East India like Gangtok or Sikkim. And the latter if you’re coming from the Delhi and Uttarakhand side.

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